Types of Colonoscopy

Colonoscopy screening versus diagnostic colonoscopy

Colonoscopy is conducted for 2 general reasons—screening and diagnosis.

Colonoscopy screening

Colonoscopy screenings are performed to detect signs of colon cancer, even when there are no apparent symptoms of colon or other gastrointestinal (GI) issues. The American Cancer Society (ACS) recommends that both men and women have their first colonoscopy screening at age 50, unless the person may benefit from a colonoscopy at an earlier age due to certain risk factorsAfter the first colonoscopy, the ACS recommends having a follow-up colonoscopy every 10 years, unless the initial colonoscopy reveals something that may necessitate a shorter interval between exams. Other screening methods may include flexible sigmoidoscopy, double-contrast barium enema, and virtual colonoscopy.

Diagnostic colonoscopy

A diagnostic colonoscopy is performed if symptoms of colon cancer or GI issues are present, or if other tests yield abnormal results.

If a colon polyp or other abnormality is discovered during the exam, your colonoscopy screening may become diagnostic. Some insurance companies handle colonoscopy screenings and diagnostic colonoscopies differently, so be sure to discuss your options with both your healthcare provider and your insurance provider.

Indication for MOVIPREP

MOVIPREP® (PEG-3350, sodium sulfate, sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium ascorbate and ascorbic acid for oral solution) is an osmotic laxative indicated for cleansing of the colon as a preparation for colonoscopy in adults 18 years of age or older.

Important Safety Information about MOVIPREP

Do not take MOVIPREP® (PEG-3350, sodium sulfate, sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium ascorbate and ascorbic acid for oral solution) if you have a gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction (a blockage in your bowel), bowel perforation (an opening in the wall of your stomach or intestine), gastric retention (problems with food and fluid emptying from your stomach), ileus (bowel muscle unable to move stomach contents), toxic colitis (damage to the thickness of the intestinal wall) or toxic megacolon (an extremely dilated or distended colon with fever and/or abdominal pain at times), or if you have a known allergy to MOVIPREP or any of its components.

It is important to drink sufficient liquids before, during, and after the use of MOVIPREP. Liquid and blood salt changes can lead to serious side effects including abnormal heartbeats, seizures, and kidney problems. Talk to your doctor before taking MOVIPREP if you take any medications that increase the risk of blood salt abnormalities or if you have known or suspected low blood salt (sodium) level (hyponatremia).

If you have kidney problems or if you take medication that affects kidney function, talk to your doctor before taking MOVIPREP.

If you have suspected bowel blockage or a suspected opening in the wall of your stomach or intestine, talk to your doctor before taking MOVIPREP.

Talk to your doctor before taking MOVIPREP if you have problems swallowing, if you have gastric reflux, or if you are predisposed to aspiration.

If you have a condition that destroys red blood cells called glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, talk to your doctor before taking MOVIPREP.

Please be advised that MOVIPREP contains 131 mg of phenylalanine per treatment.

If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, talk to your doctor before taking MOVIPREP.

In clinical studies with MOVIPREP, the most common side effects for split dosing were malaise (feeling uneasy), nausea, stomach (abdominal) pain, vomiting, and upper stomach pain. The most common side effects for evening only dosing were stomach swelling (abdominal distension), anal discomfort, thirst, nausea, stomach (abdominal) pain, sleep disorder, rigors (body shakes), hunger, malaise (feeling uneasy), vomiting, and dizziness.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch/ or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

For product information, adverse event reports, and product complaint reports, please contact:

Salix Product Information Call Center
Phone: 1-800-508-0024
Fax: 1-510-595-8183
Email: salix@medcomsol.com

Please see complete Prescribing Information for MOVIPREP. pdf icon

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